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Sustainability Research Unit George Campus


  1. Rawat, Y.S. 2017. Sustainable biodiversity stewardship and inclusive development in South Africa:  a novel package for a sustainable future.  Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2017, 24:89-95.
  2. Mudombi, S., Fabricius, C., Van Zyl-Bulitta, V. and Patt, A. 2017. The use of and obstacles to social learning in climate change adaptation initiatives in South Africa.  Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, Vol 9, No 1 (2017).
  3. Roux, D.J., Nel, J.L., Cundill, G., O’Farrell, P. and Fabricius, C. 2017. Transdisciplinary research for systemic change:  who to learn with, what to learn about and how to learn.  Sustainability Science for Meeting Africa’s Challenges.  DOI 10.1007/s11625-017-0446-0
  4. Mapeto, T., Gush, M. and Louw, J. 2017. Southern Forests:  a Journal of Forest Science
  5. Dabrowski, J, Baldwin, DS, Dabrowski, JM, Hill, L, & Shadung, J. (2017). Impact of temporary desiccation on the mobility of nutrients and metals from sediments of Loskop Reservoir, Olifants River. Water SA, 43(1), 7-16.
  6. Dabrowski J, Oberholster P, Steyl J, Osthoff G, Hugo A, Power DM, van Wyk JH (2017) Thyroid function of steatitis-affected Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus from a sub-tropical African reservoir. Dis Aquat Org 125:101-113. 
  7. Lübcker, N., J. Dabrowski, T. A. Zengeya, P. J. Oberholster, G. Hall, S. Woodborne, and M. P. Robertson. 2016. Trophic ecology and persistence of invasive silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix in an oligotrophic South African impoundment. African Journal of Aquatic Science 41:399–411.
  8. Fritz, H. 2017. Long-term field studies of elephants: understanding the ecology and conservation of a long-lived ecosystem engineer. Journal of Mammalogy 98:603–611.
  9. Schweitzer, C., T. Gaillard, C. Guerbois, H. Fritz, and O. Petit. 2017. Participant Profiling and Pattern of Crop-Foraging in Chacma Baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) in Zimbabwe: Why Does Investigating Age–Sex Classes Matter? International Journal of Primatology 38:207–223.
  10. Nel, J. L., D. C. Le Maitre, D. J. Roux, C. Colvin, J. S. Smith, L. B. Smith-Adao, A. Maherry, and N. Sitas. (in press). Strategic water source areas for urban water security: Making the connection between protecting ecosystems and benefiting from their services. Ecosystem Services.
  11. Smit, I. P. J., D. J. Roux, L. K. Swemmer, N. Boshoff, and P. Novellie. (in press). Protected areas as outdoor classrooms and global laboratories: Intellectual ecosystem services flowing to-and-from a National Park. Ecosystem Services.
  12. Smith, M. K. S., D. J. Roux, and J. Hayes. (in press). Adventure racing enables access to cultural ecosystem services at multiple scales. Ecosystem Services.
  13. Fabricius, C., Currie, B., McCulloch, S. and Masunungure, C. 2017. A stakeholder engagement strategy for the Breede Gouritz Catchment Management Agency. Breede-Gouritz CMA, Worcester, 36 pp.
  14. Dabrowski J, Oberholster P, Steyl J, Osthoff G, Hugo A, Power DM, van Wyk JH (2017) Thyroid function of steatitis-affected Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus from a sub-tropical African reservoir. Dis Aquat Org 125:101-113.
  15. Tshipa A., Valls-Fox H., Fritz H., Collins K., Sebele L., Mundy P., & Chamaillé-Jammes S. (2017) Partial migration links local surface-water management to large-scale elephant conservation in the world's largest transfrontier conservation area. Biological Conservation 215:46-50.
  16. Kushata JNT, Périquet S, Tarakini T, Muzamba M, Mafuwa B, Loveridge AJ, Macdonald DW, Fritz H & Valeix M (2017) Drivers of diurnal rest site selection by spotted hyaenas. Journal of Zoology 10.1111/jzo.12504


  1. Barendse, J., Roux, D., Currie, B., Wilson, N. and Fabricius, C. 2016. A broader view of stewardship to achieve conservation and sustainability goals in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 112(5/6), Art. #2015-0359.
  2. Barendse, J., Roux, D., Erfmann, W., Baard, J., Kraaij, T. and Nieuwoudt, C. 2016 Viewshed and sense of place as conservation features: a case study and research agenda for South Africa’s national parks. Koedoe 58(1), a1357.
  3. Bousquet, F., A. Botta, L. Alinovi, O. Barreteau, D. Bossio, K. Brown, P. Caron, M. D'Errico, F. DeClerck, H. Dessard, E. Enfors Kautsky, C. Fabricius, C. Folke, L. Fortmann, B. Hubert, D. Magda, R. Mathevet, R. B. Norgaard, A. Quinlan, and C. Staver. 2016. Resilience and development: mobilizing for transformation. Ecology and Society 21(3):40.
  4. Esler, K.J., Downsborough, L., Roux, D.J., Blignaut, J., Milton, S., Le Maitre, D. and De Wit, M.P. 2016. Interdisciplinary and multi-institutional higher learning: reflecting on a South African case study investigating complex and dynamic environmental challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 19:76–86.
  5. Fabricius, C. 2016. Resilience, Development and Global Change. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa: 1–2. and
  6. Nel, J.L., Roux, D.J., Driver, A., Hill, L., Maherry, A., Snaddon, K., Petersen, C., Smith-Adao, L.B., Van Deventer, H. and Reyers, B. 2016. Knowledge co-production and boundary work to promote implementation of conservation plans. Conservation Biology 30(1): 176–188.
  7. Novellie, P., H. Biggs, and D. Roux. 2016. National laws and policies can enable or confound adaptive governance: Examples from South African national parks. Environmental Science & Policy 66:40–46.
  8. Roux, D.J., Nel, J.L., Fisher, R-M and Barendse, J. 2016. Top-down conservation targets and bottom-up management action: creating complementary feedbacks for freshwater conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 26: 364-380.
  9. Sitas, N., Reyers, B., Cundill, G., Prozesky, H.E., Nel, J.L. and Esler, K.J.  2016.  Fostering collaboration for knowledge and action in disaster management in South Africa.  Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 19, 94-102. and
  10. Turak, E., I. Harrison, D. Dudgeon, R. Abell, A. Bush, W. Darwall, C. M. Finlayson, S. Ferrier, J. Freyhof, V. Hermoso, D. Juffe-Bignoli, S. Linke, J. Nel, H. C. Patricio, J. Pittock, R. Raghavan, C. Revenga, J. P. Simaika, and A. De Wever. (2016). Essential Biodiversity Variables for measuring change in global freshwater biodiversity. Biological Conservation. and
  11. Von Maltitz, G.P., Gasparatos, A., Fabricius, C., Morris, A., Willis, K.J.  Jatropha cultivation in Malawi and Mozambique:  impact on ecosystem services, local human well-being, and poverty alleviation.  Ecology and Society 21 (3):3.
  12. Fabricius, C. and McCulloch, S. 2016. Environmental Slogans:  Memes with diverging interpretations.  Southern African Journal of Environmental Education, Vol. 32, 2016.


Barendse J, Francis J. 2015. Towards a standard nomenclature for seafood species to promote more sustainable seafood trade in South Africa. Marine Policy 53: 180-187.

Bohensky, E., Evans, L., Anderies, M., Biggs, D. and Fabricius, C. 2015. Principle 4: foster complex adaptive systems thinking. In: Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services, edited by R. Biggs, M Schulter and M Schoon. Cambridge University Press.

Cundill, G., D. J. Roux and J. N. Parker. 2015. Nurturing communities of practice for transdisciplinary research. Ecology and Society 20 (2): 22. [online] URL:

Currie, B. 2015.  Chapter 12. Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University George Campus Student Mobilisation Change Project.  In: Lotz-Sisitka, H. et al. (Eds) Mainstreaming Environment and Sustainability. African Universities: Stories of Change. Rhodes University Environmental Learning Research Centre.

Fabricius, C., and B. Currie. 2015. Adaptive Co-Management. Pages 147–179 in C. R. Allen and A. S. Garmestani, editors. Adaptive Management of Social-Ecological Systems. Springer Netherlands.

Fabricius, C., and T. Pereira. 2015. Community Biodiversity Inventories as Entry Points for Local Ecosystem Stewardship in a South African Communal Area. Society & Natural Resources:1–13.

Nel, J. L., Roux, D. J., Driver, A., Hill, L., Maherry, A. C., Snaddon, K., Petersen, C. R., Smith-Adao, L. B., Van Deventer, H. and Reyers, B. (2015), Knowledge co-production and boundary work to promote implementation of conservation plans. Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12560

Phair, N., Barendse, J., Smith, M.K.S. & von der Heyden, S. 2015. Molecular analysis confirms genetically distinct populations of two indigenous estuarine fish species in isolated coastal lake: implications for the management of introduced ichthyofauna. Conservation Genetics doi:10.1007/s10592-015-0701-9

Pittock, J., Finlayson, M., Arthington, A. H., Roux, D., Matthews, J. H., Biggs, H., Harrison, I., Blom, E., Flitcroft, R., Froend, R., Hermoso, V., Junk, W., Kumar, R., Linke, S., Nel, J., Nunes da Cunha, C., Pattnaik, A., Pollard, S., Rast, W., Thieme, M., Turak, E., Turpie, J., van Niekerk, L., Willems, D. and Viers, J. (2015) ‘Managing freshwater, river, wetland and estuarine protected areas’, in G. L. Worboys, M. Lockwood, A. Kothari, S. Feary and I. Pulsford (eds) Protected Area Governance and Management, pp. 569–608, ANU Press, Canberra.

Reyers, B., Nel, J.L., O’Farrell, P.J. and Nel, D.C. 2015. Navigating complexity through knowledge coproduction: mainstreaming ecosystem services into disaster risk reduction. PNAS, doi/10.1073/pnas.1414374112

Roux DJ, Nel JL, Fisher, R-M and Barendse J. 2015. Top-down conservation targets and bottom-up management action: Creating complementary feedbacks for freshwater conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2577

Roux D.J., Kingsford, R.T., McCool S.F., McGeoch M.A. and Foxcroft L.C. 2015. The Role and Value of Conservation Agency Research. Environmental Management. doi:10.1007/s00267-015-0473-5


Barendse, J. & Best, P. B. 2014. Shore-based observations of seasonality, movements, and group behavior of southern right whales in a nonnursery area on the South African west coast. Marine Mammal Science. doi:10.1111/mms.12116.

Carvalho, I., Loo, J.,  Collins, T., Barendse, J. Pomilla, C., Leslie, M. S. Ngouessono, S. Best, P. B. & Rosenbaum, H. C. 2014. Does temporal and spatial segregation explain the complex population structure of humpback whales on the coast of West Africa? Marine Biology: 1-15.

Elwen, S.H., Tonachella, N., Barendse, J. Collins, T., Best, P.B, Rosenbaum, H.C., Leeney, R.H. & Gridley, T.2014. Humpback whales off Namibia: occurrence, seasonality, and a regional comparison of photographic catalogs and scarringJournal of Mammalogy. 95: 1064-1076.

Fabricius, C., & Cundill, G. 2014. Learning in adaptive management: insights from published practice. Ecology and Society 19(1): 29.

Roux, D.J., Breen, C.M. & Carruthers, J. 2014. Reflections on the history of aquatic science in South Africa with particular reference to the period after 1994. Water SA 40: 255-262.

Von Maltitz, G., Gasparatos, A. & Fabricius, C. 2014. The Rise, Fall and Potential Resilience Benefits of Jatropha in Southern Africa. Sustainability 6:3615-3643. doi:10.3390/su6063615


Barendse, J., Best, P.B., Carvalho, I. & Pomilla, C. 2013. Mother knows best: occurrence and associations or resighted humpback whales suggest maternally derived fidelity to a Southern Hemisphere coastal feeding ground. PLoS ONE 8(12) e81238. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081238.

Blignaut, J., Esler, K.J., de Wit, M.P., Le Maitre, D., Milton, S.J. & Aronson, J. 2013. Establishing the links between economic development and the restoration of natural capitalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5:1-8.

Brown, K., O'Neil, S. & Fabricius, C. 2013. Social science understandings of transformation. Pages 100 -107 in ISSC and UNESCO, World Scocial Science Report 2013, Changing Global Environments. OECD Publishing and UNESCO Publishing, Paris.

Cilliers, P., Biggs, H.C., Blignaut, S., Choles, A.G., Hofmeyr, J.S., Jewitt, G.P.W. & Roux, D. 2013. Complexity, Modeling, and Natural Resource Management. Ecology and Society 18(3):1.

Roux, D.J.  & Nel, J.L. 2013. Freshwater conservation planning in South Africa: Milestones to date and catalysts for implementation. Water SA 39(1): 151-163.


Cundill, G., Cumming, G., Biggs, D. & Fabricius, C., 2012. Soft systems thinking and social learning for adaptive managementConservation Biology 26:13-20.

Nkhata BA, Mosimane A, Downsborough L, Breen C and Roux DJ. 2012. A typology of benefit sharing arrangements for the governance of social-ecological systems in developing countries. Ecology and Society 17(1): 17.

Ryan, P.G., Glass, P.G., Glass, T., Barendse, J. & Cuthbert, R.J., 2012.Eradication of New Zealand flax Phormium tenax on Inaccessible and Nightingale Islands, Tristan da CunhaConservation Evidence 9:58-62.


Biggs, D., Turpie, J., Fabricius, C. & Spenceley, A., 2011. The value of avitourism for conservation and job creation: an analysis from South AfricaConservation and Society 9(1): 80-90.

Brink, M., Cameron, M., Coetzee, K., Currie, B., Fabricius, C., Hattingh, S., Schmidt, A. & Watson, L., 2011. Responsible resource management through improved governance in the game industry. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 41: 110-119.

Roux, D.J. & Foxcroft, L.C., 2011, ‘The development and application of strategic adaptive management within South African National Parks’, Koedoe 53(2), Art. #1049, 5 pages. doi:10.4102/koedoe .v53i2.1049. URL: /view/1049.

Schoon, M., Fabricius, C., Anderies, J.M. & Nelson, M., 2011. Synthesis: vulnerability, traps, and transformations—long-term perspectives from archaeology. Ecology and Society 16 (2):24. [online] URL:


Cundill, G. & Fabricius C., 2010. Monitoring the Governance Dimension of Natural Resource Co-management. Ecology and Society 15 (1): 15. [online] URL:

Fabricius, C. & Cundill, G., 2010. Chapter 3. Building adaptive capacity in systems beyond the threshold: the story of Macubeni, South Africa.Pp 43-66 in: Armitage D. and Plummer R. (Eds). Adaptive capacity and Environmental Governance. Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-3-642-12193-7.

Lagabrielle E., Botta A., Dare, W., David, D., Aubert S. & Fabricius, C., 2010. Modelling with stakeholders to integrate biodiversity into land-use planning – Lessond learned in Reunion Island (Western Indian Ocean) Environmental Modelling and Software 25 (11): 1413-1427.

Lombard, A., Cowling, R.M.C., Vlok, J. & Fabricius, C., 2010. Designing conservation corridors in production landscapes: assessment methods, implementation issues and lessons learned. Ecology and Society 15 (3): 7. [online] URL:

Mmbengwa, V.M., Groenewald, J.A., Gundidza, M.B., vanSchalkwyk H.D. & Maiwashe, A.N., 2010. Critical assessment of the performance and sustainability of Land Bank customers among emerging farmers in South AfricaAfrican Journal of Business Management 4(13):2753-2762.

Shackleton, C.M., Shackleton, S.E., Gambiza, J., Nel, E., Rowntree, K., Urquhart, P., Fabricius, C. & Ainslie, A., 2010. Livelihoods and vulnerability in the semi-arid lands of southern Africa: exploring the links between ecosystem services and poverty alleviation. Nova Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60876-940-7.


Cundill G. & Fabricius C., 2009. Adaptive co-management under resource poor conditions – lessons from South Africa in: Exploring Sustainability Science: a Southern African perspective, pp. 537-568, edited by M. Burns and A. Weaver. African Sun Media, Stellenbosch.

Fabricius, C. & Quinlan, A., 2009. Challenges and opportunities for resilience assessment in Tajikistan. Resilience Alliance, Ottawa and Mountain Societies Development Support Programme, Dushanbe.